“‘Before I draw nearer to that stone to which you point,’ said Scrooge, ‘answer me one question. Are these the shadows of the things that Will be, or are they shadows of things that May be, only?'”

The argument in the first panel isn’t valid. There are an infinite number of numbers between zero and one, but you can still determine that 75% of them are less than 3/4. Measure theory and limit theory allow you rigorously to give the odds that an integer is divisible by 7, or that a real number has a 4 in the second decimal place.

Of course, there may be other obstacles to giving the probabilities, but the mathematician in me can’t allow this argument to go unchallenged.

What you say is true but doesn’t apply because you don’t have a theorem to “count” the outcomes. Numbers have patterns that can be exploited to arrive at the answers for the problems you suggest. Even if there is such a pattern, doesn’t mean that Maria knows it and can apply it. We haven’t even rigorously defined “Safe” yet. At best Maria can give a statistical analysis of the population she has sampled.

“‘Before I draw nearer to that stone to which you point,’ said Scrooge, ‘answer me one question. Are these the shadows of the things that Will be, or are they shadows of things that May be, only?'”

>;)

The argument in the first panel isn’t valid. There are an infinite number of numbers between zero and one, but you can still determine that 75% of them are less than 3/4. Measure theory and limit theory allow you rigorously to give the odds that an integer is divisible by 7, or that a real number has a 4 in the second decimal place.

Of course, there may be other obstacles to giving the probabilities, but the mathematician in me can’t allow this argument to go unchallenged.

What you say is true but doesn’t apply because you don’t have a theorem to “count” the outcomes. Numbers have patterns that can be exploited to arrive at the answers for the problems you suggest. Even if there is such a pattern, doesn’t mean that Maria knows it and can apply it. We haven’t even rigorously defined “Safe” yet. At best Maria can give a statistical analysis of the population she has sampled.